What is Sesamoiditis?

Below the big toe joint are two small bones referred to as the sesamoid bones. These seasmoids are embedded in tendons in the same manner the patella bone is with the anterior of the knee joint. The functionality of these sesamoid bones (and the patella) is thought to be to provide the tendons a more efficient lever to move the great toe joint. As these sesamoid bones are underneath the great toe joint, these are generally exposed to a considerable amount of pressure whenever walking and taking part in sport. Physical activities like the game of tennis where you must use the great toe joint to rotate on applies an enormous amount of pressure upon them. If these kinds of loads tend to be too high, it is possible to end up with a disorder termed sesamoiditis where these tiny sesamoids and the structures about them turn out to be painful. Using larger heels footwear in addition applies force over the sesamoid bones and so can needing to stand all day at work, in particular on hard flooring surfaces.

The signs and symptoms of sesamoiditis tend to be progressively increasing levels of pain under the big toe or hallux joint. When you push where these sesamoid bones are they can be very uncomfortable. In some cases the sesamoids have become notable since there has been some atrophy of the fat pad. Sometimes, particularly if the beginning of pain can be sudden there may be a stress fracture of one or both of the bones. There are a number of problems that can impact the large toe joint for example gout or osteoarthritis that also has to be taken into account when assessing a person with pain in this area.

Once a sesamoiditis has been diagnosed then sesamoiditis treatment generally gets underway with some sort of decline in activities or modifying them if that is achievable. Getting into well padded and support shoes are another helpful plan. There are self adhesive felts that can be adhered to the foot to get pressure from the uncomfortable spot. Pads could also be used on insoles in the footwear. Over the long term foot orthotics having pressure relief are generally very useful.

How to use the electric callus removers

Calluses are a frequent condition on the your feet. The typical reason for a callus is increased force on the location. As a result of stress, the epidermis will become thicker to guard itself. Sooner or later your skin gets to be so thick it becomes painful. A podiatrist can easily take off the callus, but it is most likely to come back again because the strain which brought on it continues to be there. The only way to completely do away with a callus is usually to check out and discover the explanation for that higher pressure.

One other way to self-care to deal with a callus is to use an electric callus remover. This really is safe and are an easy and efficient technique to remove calluses and rough skin from your feet. That callus may nevertheless come back with time in the event the cause is just not also taken care of.

To make use of a good electric callus remover, you should first prepare your feet by treating the feet in a bowl of comfortable, soapy water for about 10-15 min’s. This helps soften the calluses as well as makes them easier to eliminate. Next, pat the feet dry using a soft towel right after soaking them. Make sure your feet are totally dry prior to while using the electric callus remover. Connect or insert the electric batteries into your electric callus remover and switch it on. Nearly all callus removers have a power press button or switch. Some need to be charged with a USB cable first. Hold the callus remover securely in your hand, and lightly position the revolving roller up against the callus on the feet. Slowly move the callus remover in a slow, circular movement on the area affected. Apply light to moderate pressure but stay away from pressing too rigorously to prevent skin discomfort or injuries. Keep the tool moving constantly to protect yourself from concentrating on one spot for a long time, which can result in discomfort or damage to healthy skin. Occasionally stop and check your progress. The old skin debris should really be abrading off along the way. Use a bathroom towel or mat underneath the feet to trap the skin debris. Continue using the callus remover until you have taken off the required level of callus. Use caution not to ever injure yourself, as you don’t want to take away a lot of healthy skin. still some persistent calluses or rough spots, you may use a pumice stone or even foot file to further smooth the callus. Lightly apply the pumice stone or foot file on the regions that require added care. Immediately after getting rid of the calluses, wash your feet with clean water to eliminate any leftover dead skin and pat the skin dry. To help keep your feet soft and hydrated, apply a moisturising cream or foot cream to your feet. Turn off the callus remover and also thoroughly clean the roller head. Nearly all callus removers let you take off the roller for easy cleaning. Rinse it with water and let it dry before putting it back together. Store your electric callus remover in the cooler, dry place, and be sure it is kept out of the reach of children.

The electric callus removers are generally safe, yet it’s extremely important to stick to the manufacturer’s recommendations for the particular callus remover, because features and utilization will vary from one product to a different one. Additionally, it’s important to be gentle and patient when utilizing a callus remover to avoid damage or pain. You almost certainly should avoid using them when you have diabetes mellitus or some other medical problem which makes the skin more vulnerable or prevents you from experiencing any irritation if you were to start to burn the feet. If uncertain, please get guidance from your podiatrist.

What can be done about a plantar plate tear?

A plantar plate tear, also known as plantar plate dysfunction or metatarsophalangeal joint instability, is a common foot injury that affects the ligamentous structure located on the underside of the foot. The plantar plate is a thick, fibrous structure that connects the base of the toes to the metatarsal bones (the long bones in the foot) and helps stabilize the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints.

When a tear occurs in the plantar plate, it can lead to pain, inflammation, and instability in the affected toe. It is most commonly seen in the second toe, but it can occur in any of the other toes as well. Plantar plate tears often result from repetitive stress or overuse, such as activities that involve running, jumping, or pushing off the toes forcefully.

Common symptoms of a plantar plate tear include:

  1. Pain: There is usually localized pain at the ball of the foot, beneath the affected toe. The pain may worsen during walking, running, or when bearing weight on the foot.
  2. Swelling: The area around the affected joint may become swollen and tender to touch.
  3. Instability: The toe may feel unstable or “loose” due to the weakened or damaged plantar plate. This can cause difficulty with balance and affect your ability to push off the toes while walking or running.
  4. Change in toe alignment: In some cases, a plantar plate tear can cause the affected toe to shift or drift out of its normal alignment, resulting in a hammertoe or crossover toe deformity.

If you suspect a plantar plate tear, it is important to consult a healthcare professional, such as a podiatrist or orthopedic specialist, for an accurate diagnosis. They will typically perform a physical examination of the foot, assess your symptoms, and may order additional imaging tests like X-rays or an MRI to confirm the diagnosis and assess the extent of the injury.

Treatment for a plantar plate tear may include:

  1. Rest and immobilization: Limiting weight-bearing activities and using supportive footwear or a splint to restrict movement and promote healing.
  2. Ice and anti-inflammatory medications: Applying ice packs to the affected area and taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  3. Physical therapy: Specific exercises and stretches can be prescribed to strengthen the surrounding muscles, improve stability, and restore normal foot function.
  4. Orthotic devices: Custom-made shoe inserts or pads can provide support, relieve pressure on the affected area, and help correct any underlying biomechanical issues contributing to the injury.
  5. Taping or strapping: Using athletic tape or specialized strapping techniques may offer temporary stability to the affected toe and promote healing. An alternative to taping is the FixToe device.

In severe cases or when conservative measures fail, surgical intervention may be necessary to repair or reconstruct the plantar plate.

It’s important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan tailored to your specific condition.

Rigid Carbon Insoles for Hallux Rigidus

A rigid plate, usually made from carbon is often used to stiffen footwear that can help a number of different painful conditions with the foot. These types of carbon plate are really stiff and rigid because they have to stiffen up the bottom of the footwear, mainly over the ball of the foot. They come in a couple of different layouts with one being only just in the shape of a straightforward insole. That one is required when you need to stiffen the whole foot and prevent all the joints within the front foot from flexing. The other primary layout is one in which the inflexible insole only goes under the big toe rather than the rest of the front foot. It really has the benefit of helping with pain within the great toe joint by decreasing its movements, but nonetheless make it possible for some usual motions in the other metatarsophalangeal joints within the front foot. This is often called a Morton’s extension rigid insole.

One of many prevalent problems that these kinds of rigid plates are used for may be osteoarthritis in the big toe joint which usually frequently will get referred to as hallux rigidus. This rigid carbon plate functions by restraining movements in the big toe joint, to ensure that restriction of motion will mean the great toe joint is much less painful. A different condition that they get useful for is known as turf toe. This means we have a traumatic over extension damage with the great toe joint, so the joints absolutely does really need to be limited from flexing for quite a while for the injury to improve and these carbon plates work great to do this. There is also a disorder named Freiberg’s disease which is a challenge with the growing part of the joint, commonly near the bottom of the second toe. This is among those problems that have to have the full width insole to limit movements across the front foot.

Which footwear must make use of these rigid carbon insoles within? Many people find that they will wear them in pretty much any footwear since they don’t fill up much space. A lot of people find footwear which use a rocker actions to be somewhat helpful to wear these in. One good example may be the Hoka running footwear that have a rocker under the front foot. Because these plates stiffen the shoe that can help restrict movement to lessen pain, this rocker helps the foot move forwards when walking as you can not bend the foot over the ball of the foot. There are a few side effects coming from using the carbon insoles which ought to be weighed versus the benefit from using them. They will impact the way you move, so you might must take time to get used to them. You may even need to scale back on the time that you wear them to get used to them and then start slowly improving the wear time. They could be to some extent uncomfortable as they do not enable normal foot movements, but might just have to be accepted and balanced against the pain that could be coming from the reason why you might need to use the carbon plate.

Will foam rolling help plantar fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is regarded as the common musculoskeletal disorder treated in the feet. It is an irritation as well as degeneration with the plantar fascia that is a lengthy ligament which supports the arch of the foot. The typical signs and symptoms are pain below the heel bone and more intense pain on getting up from rest, mainly in the early morning following a night’s sleep. Any situation that adds to the stress on the arch of the feet are most likely to overburden the plantar fascia. This can include weight problems, getting active, being on the feet all day long and dysfunctional conditions that alter the alignment of the foot. There are various treatments which are appropriate for this problem, with the more successful ones being the ones that lessen the weight placed on the plantar fascia.

We have seen lots of interest in the utilization of foam rollers to relieve musculoskeletal issues recently, along with the query gets asked frequently as to if we can make use of a foam roller for plantar fasciitis?

It’s quite common to look at advice given to move the foot backwards and forwards across a tennis ball on the ground and that this will assist the this condition. This will have a similar affect as to what a foam roller should have. No studies have shown that this is in fact effective, although many people do make use of the roller. Having said that, you can find plenty of medical experts that would urge against using it. It is really not harmful, but they believe it simply will not do a lot of good as compared to the other remedies that you can use and therefore are most likely far better. One thing to take into account is the fact that whenever we hurt ourselves, rubbing the region of the pain frequently generally seems to feel better. That does not mean the massaging actually fixes the issue, it simply makes it feel somewhat improved. This is perhaps why so many health professionals are cynical concerning advocating self-massage or foam rolling for the plantar fasciitis.

New research has been recently released for the usage of a foam roller for plantar fasciitis. This was a randomized controlled study comparing the use of a foam roller to stretching. Often in clinical practice it is not a matter of deciding to utilize one treatment or any other similar to this medical study. Several treatment options are often used together in combination, so the clinical trial is almost unnatural. That being said, the study did show that both worked equally or the foam roller may be a slightly bit superior, so utilizing the foam roller to massage the arch part of the feet for individuals with heel pain definitely does help.

In line with the above it probably may be beneficial to use something such as the foam roller. There are specific products, just like the Pediroller, which are made to roll on the arch of the foot. They may not mend this condition, however based on the stories and that one piece of research, it may definitely make it feel much better at the very least. This can be more than sufficient justification to give it a try.

Dealing with Chilblains

Chilblains are a relatively common problem when the weather is colder. They are a painful and itchy reaction of the small blood vessels in the toes to the changes in temperature. They results in a painful red patch, that later becomes a dark blue color if they become chronic. They have recently been getting some extra publicity in the mass media due to them being more common in those infected with coronovirus, getting the name, COVID toes.

Chilblains are a seasonal problem and occur in all countries in which the climate gets cold enough to cause the reaction in the skin. An episode of PodChatLive had a deep look at the problem of chilblains:

The best way to deal with chilblains is to prevent them by keeping the feet warm. If a chilblain does develop then it needs to be kept warm and the protected to prevent the skin from breaking down. There are various chilblain creams that can be used to help to stimulate the circulation.

Helping Severs Disease

Severs disease or calcaneal apophysitis is a prevalent condition of the heel bone in developing children. At the rear of the heel bone is a growth area that most of the development of the heel bone occurs at and this problem is an overuse injury of that growing area. It is more prevalent in children which are active, are overweight and are taller. The common signs of Severs disease is soreness at the back and sides of the heel bone, particularly after activity. Severs disease is regarded as a self limiting disorder, because the child will always at some point grow out of it when growth of the heel pain stops and the developing area of cartilage inside the bone combines with the rest of the heel bone. That doesn’t indicate it shouldn’t be treated and may not be helped before that growth ceases.

This episode from PodChatLive was a comprehensive discussion into the issue of Sever’s disease/Calcaneal apophysitis:

A great way to handle this problem can be managing the child’s and parent’s expectations as well as way of life to maintain the signs and symptoms under control. The strains must be controlled via modifying and limiting activity levels. This could be difficult and could require some negotiation with the child. If the discomfort is severe after sports activity, then ice can be used to help reduce that. Often a cushioned heel insert might help protect the heel. Long term the prospects is good as they will outgrow this by the mid-teenage years.